2014年5月13日火曜日

Collective Cognition in Humans: Groups Outperform Their Best Members in a Sentence Reconstruction Task

Romain J. G. Clément, Stefan Krause, Nikolaus von Engelhardt, Jolyon J. Faria, Jens Krause, Ralf H. J. M. Kurvers
PLoS ONE 8(10): e77943. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077943

グループでの意思決定は個人での意思決定より勝る。
「スピーチを再現する」という実験課題を使用。
ヒトに特徴的な「言語」に注目している点がポイント?

Group-living is widespread among animals and one of the major advantages of group-living is the ability of groups to solve cognitive problems that exceed individual ability. Humans also make use of collective cognition and have simultaneously developed a highly complex language to exchange information. Here we investigated collective cognition of human groups regarding language use in a realistic situation. Individuals listened to a public announcement and had to reconstruct the sentence alone or in groups. This situation is often encountered by humans, for instance at train stations or airports. Using recent developments in machine speech recognition, we analysed how well individuals and groups reconstructed the sentences from a syntactic (i.e., the number of errors) and semantic (i.e., the quality of the retrieved information) perspective. We show that groups perform better both on a syntactic and semantic level than even their best members. Groups made fewer errors and were able to retrieve more information when reconstructing the sentences, outcompeting even their best group members. Our study takes collective cognition studies to the more complex level of language use in humans.

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